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Republic of Tajikistan



Information

Tajikistan (/tɑːˈdʒiːkɪstɑːn/ (listen), /tə-, tæ-/; Tajik: Тоҷикистон [tɔdʒikisˈtɔn]), officially the Republic of Tajikistan (Tajik: Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон, Jumhuriyi Tojikiston), is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia with an area of 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi) and an estimated population of 8.7 million people as of 2016. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. The traditional homelands of the Tajik people include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan. The territory that now constitutes Tajikistan was previously home to several ancient cultures, including the city of Sarazm of the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, and was later home to kingdoms ruled by people of different faiths and cultures, including the Oxus civilisation, Andronovo culture, Buddhism, Nestorian Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism and Islam. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Achaemenid Empire, Sasanian Empire, Hephthalite Empire, Samanid Empire, Mongol Empire, Timurid dynasty, the Russian Empire, and subsequently the Soviet Union. Within the Soviet Union, the country's modern borders were drawn when it was part of Uzbekistan as an autonomous republic before becoming a full-fledged Soviet republic in 1929.[citation needed] On 9 September 1991, Tajikistan became an independent sovereign nation when the Soviet Union disintegrated. A civil war was fought almost immediately after independence, lasting from 1992 to 1997. Since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country's economy to grow. Like all other Central Asian neighbouring states, the country, led by President Emomali Rahmon since 1994, has been criticised by a number of non-governmental organizations for authoritarian leadership, lack of religious freedom, corruption and widespread violations of human rights. Tajikistan is a presidential republic consisting of four provinces. Most of Tajikistan's 9 million people belong to the Tajik ethnic group, who speak Tajik (a dialect of Persian). Many Tajiks also speak Russian as their second language. While the state is constitutionally secular, Islam is practiced by 98% of the population. In the Gorno-Badakhshan Oblast of Tajikistan, despite its sparse population, there is large linguistic diversity where Rushani, Shughni, Ishkashimi, Wakhi and Tajik are some of the languages spoken. Mountains cover more than 90% of the country. It has a transition economy that is highly dependent on remittances, aluminium and cotton production. Tajikistan is a member of the United Nations, CIS, OSCE, OIC, ECO, SCO and CSTO as well as an NATO PfP partner.


Tourist area




This tourist program - Sari Khosor - is informative, sports and adventure and entertainment. Cognitive tour is that the selected object is really untouched by man, waterfall, green hills, air and much more covered by natural, wildlife. On the way to the object and back tourists have the opportunity to visit two historical heritae of the Tajik people, of world importance - the Museum and the place of residence Vose and Mir Said Aliya Hamadoni Museum. Sports and adventure basis of the tour is the length of the stone-river road that the Park can be reached for a long time and only with an SUV or horse riding (horse, donkey, etc). At the same time, a variety of entertaining sports and mass games are organized on the territory of the Park within the framework of the program, which provokes physial and spiritual mobility of a person.

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This tourist program is informative and sports and adventure. Cognition of the tour lies in the uniqueness of the object - the mountain mirror of the sea, the Nurek reservoir, which was formed under the highest of platinum the Nurek hydropower included in the Guinnes Book of records, And also, tourists have the opportunity to get acquainted with local customs and traditions, moreover, the methods of agricultural industry, especially the cultivation of pomegranates in the mountain range of the reservoir and waterfall with a powerful speed of powerful speed of water splash; swimming and riding on diffirent water transport.

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This tourist program is informative, sports and advente, health and entertainment. The cognitive nature of the tour lies in the uniqueness of the object - the Tajik sea, the Kayrakkum reservoir with a huge water capacity, reflecting the blue sea. During the hour, tourists have the opportunity to see not only the sights of the object, but also the nearest cultural, historical and mythical heritage of the Tajik people, including the Khujand fortress, the strugle of Spitamen with Alexander the great, the Museum of Temurmalik and much more. And also, rich national cuisine, including features of cooking pilaf can color travel. The program provides for swimming and riding on diffirent water transport. Motels near the object have enormous potential and range of Wellness services from European and national color. Evary evening on the territory of th sea are a variety of cultural and entertainment programs that attract thousands of people dancing, singin, etc.

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This tourist route has a historical, Hiking (mountain), cultural, entertainment, respectively, the package includes the necessary services on the way, arrival and departure. The name mountain Lake Iskanderkul expires on behalf of Alexander the great, which in Tajikistan and Central Asian countries, Iran and Afhanistan (in the East) is called Iscandari Zulqarnain (two-horned Iskander). The word "Kul" (from Tajik language - CL) means "lake", so called "Iscandercul" or "Iskanderkul" to come from these two separate words Candar+molecules. The validity of this definition has a historical character; when Alexander the reat, havin conquered the communities comming to Central Asia, he passed through this mountain lake and stayed there for a while, then from Central Asia to India.

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This tourist program-Hissar fortress-is informative, cultural, adventure and information. Gissar fortfess-Kailai Hisor is one of the most famous historial buildins in Central Asia, built 2500 years ago. The fortress has a main gate arch, built in the 16th century by the Emir of Bukhara. At that time, the fortress served as the residence of the Emir of Bukhara. The fortress width walls about 1 meter thick was a huge yard width a swimming pool and a large garden. To the main entrance were large stairs and terraces, lined width brick. But, unfortunately, they have not survived to the present day. Today, next to the Hissar fortress row two hue plance trees whith the age of 500-700 years.

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